Dr Tony Palmer's story of a forgotten mill     page 2


This is derived from three sources:

1 The Norfolk Record Office and Norwich City Library.
2 Mr Harry Apling's Research
(an authority on the History of Norfolk Mills and author of a book of that title).

3 A water colour painting
depicting a windmill west of the church, probably by Thirtle of the Norwich School, dated 1831.

1 The Norfolk Record Office:
At the Record Office I inspected a number of maps:

a) Bryant's map of 1826.
This shows a smock mill, north west of Salthouse church, at the end of a track leading west, off Grout's Lane.

b) Edward Houghton’s Plan of Salthouse (no. 100) 1838
Edward Houghton, a surveyor from Wells, was commissioned in 1838 to make this map to accompany the Tithe Award of that year. It is a large map measuring some 6 feet by 3. Each parcel of land is clearly numbered in ink and colour, except for the Mill Ridge plot which has been roughly pencilled-in as a plot number 44. This anomally may be due to damage as Harry Apling's remarks suggest (see below).
Plot 44 encompasses the area of the Mill Ridge property, which includes the two present-day houses: St Nicholas Cottage [once 'The Nest'] and Church Cottage [once 'Church House']. In the reference to the plan the total area is seen to be 3 rods 25 poles; the owner is named as Parlett Starling, and the occupier is George Larner Neave. The property is described as

Dwelling House, Stable, Hayloft and Garden, Cottage, Wood Smock Mill containing Two Pairs of Stones, Flour Mill Jumper, Lower Room, Store Floor and Stage Chamber.

Note, the windmill is not shown on the plan.

c) Ordnance Survey Map 1886
The mill is not depicted, but there is one shown on the marsh down Mill Drift— opposite Grout's Lane.

Norwich City Library:

(which I visited before the disastrous fire of 1994).
By consulting various years of Kelly’s Directory of Norfolk, I discovered the following: In the year 1836 George Larner Neave was Corn Miller, but by 1845 John Jarvis was the only miller recorded, and he was almost certainly working the mill on the marsh. The 1851 census shows John (Dewing) Jarvis as the Miller as does the 1881 census.
In 1890 which is his last appearance in the Directory, there is a second miller, Paul James, corn miller, but in 1892 David Jarvis (John's son) is the only 'miller (wind)', and he continues till 1904, by which time he has become assistant overseer, coal dealer and
deputy parish clerk! He makes his last appearance in the Directory, in 1916 when he is mentioned only as a coal dealer, the marsh mill having been demolished.


2 Mr Harry Apling's Research:
I first came across Mr Apling through a letter I addressed to the Friends of Norfolk Windmills. I was referred to him by the Secretary, Mr Peter Woodrow. In his reply of 17 Jan 1984, Mr Apling enclosed photo-copies of his findings concerning the mill near Salthouse church, and an extract from the 1839 Tithe Award which showed the rateable value of the property to have been £17 17s. 6d and the tithe, £1 1s. 10d.
In referring to the map which accompanied the Tithe Award of 1839, Mr Apling said ‘Unfortunately this map at the Norfolk Record Office at Norwich is damaged and a piece is missing just where the windmill should be.’
Sadly Mr. Harry Apling died before finishing his second book and it was never published, but the results of his search for details of the history of this mill, culled from News Chronicle Property Sales advertisements, are reproduced here by kind permission of the Norfolk Windmills Trust:

A smock mill shown on Bryants map of 1826 to the north-west of the church, was for sale by auction as 'newly erected' in March 1825

Norfolk Chronicle 19 March 1825

To Millers
To be Sold by Auction
By WM. KENDLE On Monday 28th instant
At the sign of the Dun Cow in Salthouse, Norfolk at 4 o'clock (Unless sooner disposed of by Private Contract)
A Good new built Dwelling house, brick, stone and tiled, with a Shop or Flour house, garden and pightle of Land to the same belonging, the pightle containing one acre (more or less), also a newly built Cottage adjoining the said dwelling house; and also a small TOWER WIND CORN MILL newly erected on the said pightle of land. Possession may be had at Lady day next.
The above Premises are all Freehold and situate in Salthouse aforesaid which is within two miles of Cley, a sea port town and four miles from Holt where a good Corn Market is held.
Apply (if by letter post paid) to Mr Ransom, Solicitor, Holt.

It was again for sale by auction in August 1826:-

Norfolk Chronicle, 5 August 1826

To Millers
An Excellent WIND-MILL, Dwelling house etc. at Salthouse near Holt.
To be Sold by Auction by Wm SPELLMAN
At the Feathers Inn, Holt
On Friday August 11, 1826 at 3 o'clock

An exceedingly well built and substantial MESSUAGE with a Cottage and other Buildings, a Garden and piece of good Arable Land adjoining containing about one acre. Also a small Tower Wind Corn Mill situate in Salthouse within two miles of the port of Cley and four miles of Holt, late in occupation of Mr. James Mackrell.
The Mill stands exceedingly well for wind and the situation altogether is extremely desirable for a miller.
If required one half of the Purchase Money may be had on Mortgage. Possession may be had at Michaelmas next.
To view the Mill and for further particulars apply to Mr Ransom Solicitor, Holt or to Mr Cudon, Conveyancer or the Auctioneer both of Norwich.

By September 1834 its tenant miller, Leeds Richardson had become insolvent and had made a Deed of Assignment:-

see next Page


.© Val Fiddian 2005

The year before he became insolvent, Leeds Richardson was married.
Honor Jones (www.norfolkhistory.co.uk) contributed this:
In the Marriage Licence Bonds for the Norwich Archdeaconry  (the age of 21 means 21 and upwards)—
30 July 1833,  Leeds RICHARDSON, single 21, of Salthouse, Miller, to
Elizabeth SHEPHERD, single 21, of Salthouse. Married at Salthouse

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